Types of Pests and Diseases in Cucumber Plants and How to Address Them

Joko Warino S.P M.Si

Types of Pests and Diseases in Cucumber Plants and How to Address Them

As an experienced cucumber cultivator, you have likely encountered challenges posed by pest and disease infestations in the cucumber plants under your care.

Addressing these issues is an integral part of the cultivation process, and a thorough understanding of how to handle them is crucial.

Upon detecting a pest or disease attack on your cucumber plants, the first step is to identify the specific type of pest or disease involved.

Subsequently, you can apply treatment methods tailored to its specifications. In doing so, you not only shield the cucumber plants from potential harm but also ensure the continuity of growth and optimal harvest yields.

Furthermore, a profound knowledge of the various pests and diseases that may afflict cucumber plants will empower you to proactively devise effective preventive strategies, thereby ensuring the overall health of your plants.

Types of Pests in Cucumber Plants

Types of Pests in Cucumber Plants

Here is an explanation of the types of pests that attack cucumber plants along with the corresponding control methods that you can follow.

1. Thrips Aphid

Thrips Aphid is a type of pest capable of reproducing without mating, a process known as parthenogenesis. In one reproductive cycle, this aphid can produce 80-120 eggs.

The life cycle of thrips aphids is short. Plants attacked by thrips aphids will exhibit symptoms such as curling and rolling leaves, hindering plant growth by disrupting the process of photosynthesis.

2. Leaf Aphid (Aphis)

Leaf aphids, or aphids, come in various colors, including green, black, red, and yellow. Common leaf aphids attacking plants include Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae.

aphids have a rapid reproductive cycle, only 2–3 days, allowing them to spread quickly.

3. Whitefly

Aphid or Whitefly Whitefly aphids can also spread rapidly due to their ability to reproduce quickly, either through mating or parthenogenesis.

4. Armyworm (Spodoptera litura)

Pests in the form of armyworms or Spodoptera litura typically attack leaves and young cucumbers when in the larval stage.

5. Leaf Miner (Liriomyza sp)

Leaf miners damage cucumber leaves by burrowing and leaving traces of mining.

Leaves affected by this pest will have irregular patterns, disrupting the growth of cucumber plants and causing them to dry up.

6. Red Spider Mites

Commonly affecting plants are yellow spider mites (Polyphagotarsonemus latus) and red spider mites (Tetranychus sp.).

These mites tend to appear throughout the year, including during both the dry and rainy seasons.

7. Beetles

Named for their tendency to consume the upper and lower parts of leaves, leaf beetles cause visible perforations on leaves.

The treatment approach for both types of pests is similar. One effective method involves the application of insecticides directly onto cucumber plants.

Insecticides such as Dharmasan can be administered at a rate of 1-2 ml per liter of water, Chlorin 550 EX with a dosage of 0.75 ml per liter of water, or Dinamec 10 WG at a rate of 0.5-1 gram per liter of water.

Additionally, various other active ingredients can be utilized to combat pests on cucumber plants, including Dimehipo, Siantraniliprol, Abamectin, Chlorantraniliprol, and so forth.

Types of Diseases in Cucumber Plants

Types of Diseases in Cucumber Plants

As mentioned earlier, cucumber plants can be susceptible to diseases aside from pests. Here are several types of diseases that can affect your cucumber plants:

1. Damping Off

Damping off, caused by fusarium or Phytium sp fungi attacking the base of cucumber plant stems, results in circular brown spots.

Typically, this disease affects plants in the seedling phase, from seedbeds until they are transplanted to the field. Control measures involve dipping seedlings in a fungicide mixture before planting or using fungicide irrigation.

2. Fusarium Wilt

Fusarium wilt, caused by fusarium oxysporum, is a disease that easily affects cucumber plants.

Plants afflicted by this disease will experience wilting starting from the lower part and spreading upwards to the leaves and stems.

Affected plants eventually dry up and die. Control of fusarium wilt can be achieved through proper cultivation techniques, maintaining soil pH, regular fertilization, and the use of benomyl-based fungicides.

3. Bacterial Wilt

Cucumber plants infected with bacterial wilt (Erwina tracheiphila) will suddenly wilt and die.

If the infected plant stem is cut, a slimy substance will be present in the vascular bundles.

Control measures involve good cultivation practices, selecting seeds resistant to the disease, maintaining soil pH, regular fertilization, and using bactericides with streptomycin sulfate.

4. Downy Mildew

Downy mildew causes yellow-brown spots on the leaves, with purple to black spores appearing on the undersides. These spots can quickly spread, leading to leaf drying and shedding.

The disease can be controlled by spraying fungicides with the appropriate active ingredients.

5. Powdery Mildew

Powdery mildew, caused by erysiphe cichoracearum, gives leaves a powdery appearance with white spore dust. Initially attacking the lower parts, it progresses to cover the upper leaf surface.

Control measures involve using fungicides with suitable active ingredients and pruning infected leaves to prevent airborne spread.

6. Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV)

CMV, transmitted by carriers such as leafhoppers, aphids, and thrips, manifests through leaves showing dark green and light green or yellowish discoloration.

Leaves may also curl and exhibit stunted growth. Control involves managing vector or carrier pests by early application of insecticides to prevent CMV infection.

Alternatively, replacing cucumber plants with a different family before infection can be considered.



Joko Warino S.P M.Si

Allow me to introduce myself, my name is Joko Warino, a lecturer at one of the universities in Indonesia (Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, UIN Suska Riau Indonesia). My field of expertise is soil science.

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